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"Embedding Wren, pt2"

Posted: 20 December, 2022

It's Xmas time, which, amongst other things, means I have no guilt about working on the side project for a few days...

So I'm back on the EH500!

The last time I picked this up was in the Summer, so I decided to finish embedding Wren and get the rest of the "console" exposed to script.

Changes to Initialise and Tick

When I last discussed this, I posted an example where I loaded a class of static methods and ticked those. I've changed tack since then in two fundamental ways.

First, a class of static methods is limited in what it can operate on (static members), so now I instantiate the class and adjust my call handles appropriately:

   wrenEnsureSlots(s_pWrenVM, 1);
   wrenSetSlotHandle(s_pWrenVM, 0, s_pWH_LevelMode_ClassHandle);

   // Call new()
   wrenCall(s_pWrenVM, s_pWH_New);   
   wrenReleaseHandle(s_pWrenVM, s_pWH_LevelMode_ClassHandle);
   s_pWH_LevelMode_ClassHandle = NULL;

   if (wrenGetSlotCount(s_pWrenVM) == 0)
      LOG_ERROR("-- Interpreter error, calling LevelMode->new");
   s_pWH_LevelMode_ClassHandle = wrenGetSlotHandle(s_pWrenVM, 0);

The instantiated class is free to create other objects, hold a list of things to tick, etc. which was what I needed all along.

Secondly, in the Summer, the platform API -- the foreign methods that map to console "registers" and functions in C-land -- was on disk, in its own module, that others could import. I didn't like this. So I've stolen a trick from the Wren implementation in Tic80; it's trivial to store the API in a string, in C code, and load it into VM as the first thing that's parsed, before I do any of the above.

static char const* s_sPlatformAPI = "\n\
class EH {\n\
   construct new() {}\n\
   foreign static GetFrameCount()\n\
   foreign static GetGameDeltaSeconds()\n\
   static TO_RADIANS { 0.0174532925 }\n\
   static TO_DEGREES { 57.295779514 }\n\
   static PI { 3.1415926535 }\n\
   static SCREEN_WIDTH { 384 }\n\
   static SCREEN_HEIGHT { 216 }\n\
   static SCREEN_HALF_WIDTH { 192 }\n\
   static SCREEN_HALF_HEIGHT { 108 }\n\

This has the effect of adding a class full of static methods into module "main", making them accessible anywhere via an import: 

```import "main" for EH``` 

From the scripting perspective, this makes no difference, but it removes the need for a source file on disk that could go missing or get out of sync with the EH500. 

## Kicking the Tyres

<video controls autoplay loop onclick="'./images/eh500_xmas.mp4', '_blank');"><source src="/images/eh500_xmas.mp4"/></video>

Bar palette manipulation, I have everything in the EH500 exposed to Wren. It's been quick to implement -- little more than a day -- and easy enough to test. The slot system is clean, simple and fits my needs perfectly. 

It's taken me a while to grok the error messages from the interpreter, but that's no different than any other language... I just need to use it in anger. 

Next steps:
* Add a math library (just the basics, with some vector stuff)
* Add easing functions (ease all the things!)
* Decide how I'm going to do the collision detection...  
* Add some audio!